The Russian “Firehose of Falsehood” Propaganda Model | Christopher Paul, Mirian Matthews

Christopher Paul, Miriam Matthews; The Russian “Firehose of Falsehood” Propaganda Model; PE-108-OSD; Rand Corporation; 2016; 16 pages (landscape, like slideware); landing.
Teaser: Why It Might Work and Options to Counter It

Recommendations

  • Forewarn audiences of misinformation, or merely reach them first with the truth, rather than retracting or refuting false “facts.”
  • Prioritize efforts to counter the effects of Russian propaganda, and focus on guiding the propaganda’s target audience in more productive directions.
  • Compete with Russian propaganda. Both the United States and NATO have the potential to prevent Russia from dominating the information environment.
  • Increase the flow of information that diminishes the effectiveness of propaganda, and, in the context of active hostilities, attack the means of dissemination.

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