The Carefully Sculpted Reality of the Meeker Trends Report | Tom Webster (Edison Research)

Tom Webster (Edison Research); The Carefully Sculpted Reality of the Meeker Trends Report; In Some Blog hosted on Medium; 2017-06-24.
Tom Webster is VP of Strategy, Edison Research.

tl;dr → bloggist discovers that Mary Meeker (for KPCB) is talking up their book. Welcome grasshoper, you have awoke!

Quotes

  • <quote>But take the report for what it is — an extremely effective piece of content marketing, promoting the trends and interests of a company selectively invested in the space. Nothing sinister here — I fully believe KPCB saw their portfolio companies as a part of future trends first, not that they are trying to engineer these trends after the fact.</quote>

Referenced

SoK: Cryptographically protected database search | Fuller et al.

Fuller et al.; SoK: Cryptographically proctected database search; In Proceedings of IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP), 2017-03-06 → 2017-06-02; arXiv:1703.02014, IEEE.

Authors

Abstract

Protected database search systems cryptographically isolate the roles of reading from, writing to, and administering the database. This separation limits unnecessary administrator access and protects data in the case of system breaches. Since protected search was introduced in 2000, the area has grown rapidly; systems are offered by academia, start-ups, and established companies.

However, there is no best protected search system or set of techniques. Design of such systems is a balancing act between security, functionality, performance, and usability. This challenge is made more difficult by ongoing database specialization, as some users will want the functionality of SQL, NoSQL, or NewSQL databases. This database evolution will continue, and the protected search community should be able to quickly provide functionality consistent with newly invented databases.

At the same time, the community must accurately and clearly characterize the tradeoffs between different approaches. To address these challenges, we provide the following contributions:

  1. An identification of the important primitive operations across database paradigms. We find there are a small number of base operations that can be used and combined to support a large number of database paradigms.
  2. An evaluation of the current state of protected search systems in implementing these base operations. This evaluation describes the main approaches and tradeoffs for each base operation. Furthermore, it puts protected search in the context of unprotected search, identifying key gaps in functionality.
  3. An analysis of attacks against protected search for different base queries.
  4. A roadmap and tools for transforming a protected search system into a protected database, including an open-source performance evaluation platform and initial user opinions of protected search.

Mentions

Exemplars

Bitglass, Ciphercloud, CipherQuery, Crypteron, IQrypt, Kryptnostic, Google’s Encrypted BigQuery, Microsoft’s SQL Server 2016, Azure SQL Database, PreVeil, Skyhigh, StealthMine, ZeroDB

Axes

Query Types

  • equality
  • boolean
  • range
  • other

Protection Types

  • legacy
  • custom
  • oblivious
  • other

Scope

  • Single table
  • With indices
  • Multiple tables

Schemes

Legacy Schemes

Deterministic Encryption (DET)
preserves only equality but applying a randomized but fixed permutation to all messages.
Order-Preserving Encryption (OPE)
preserves the relative order of the plaintexts; range queries.
Mutable OPE
only reveals the order of ciphertexts; added interactivity during insertion and query execution.

Custom schemes

  • Inverted index schemes
  • Tree traversal schemes
  • OSPIR-OXT

Oblivious schemes

… aim to hide common results between queries.

Oblivious RAM (ORAM)
performance problems
Path ORAM
latest type of ORAM
3PC-ORAM
a second non-colluding server

Full database solutions

CryptDB
enables most DBMS functionality with a performance overhead of under 30%.
Arx
is built on top of MongoDB and reports a performance overhead of approximately 10%.
BlindSeer
reports slowdowns of between 20% and 300% for most queries
OSPIR
EXT can occasionally beat a MySQL system with a cold cache (a somewhat strange comparison!), but are an order of magnitude slower than MySQL with a warm cache.
SisoSPIR
reports a 500% slowdown compared to a baseline MySQL system on keyword equality and range queries.

Argot

  • SummarizationSystematization of Knowledge (SoK)
  • Data Base Management System (DBMS)
  • searchable symmetric encryption
  • property preserving encryption
  • database search
  • oblivious random access memory
  • private information retrieval
  • Property-Revealing Encryption (PRE)

Promotion

Actualities

References

There are 162 references. As time moves on, check the IEEE, one day they will have the paper & its references.

A Utopia for a Dystopian Age | Espen Hammer (NYT)

A Utopia for a Dystopian Age; Espen Hammer; In THE STONE, a column of The New York Times (NYT); 2017-06-26.
Espen Hammer, professor of philosophy, Temple University.
Espen Hammer, Adorno’s Modernism: Art, Experience, and Catastrophe, Publisher, WHEN?, X pages.

tl;dr → The Utopias are dead, societies have to have a utopian future vision; The only remaining utopia is Nature, and Climate Change. Save the Earth.

Mentions

  • Thomas More, Utopia
  • Hythloday, protagonist; a neologism oif “nonsense peddler.”
  • John Lennon “Imagine”-esque way
  • Hieronymus Bosch’s painting “The Garden of Earthly Delights,”
  • Utopias of
    • technology
    • social justice
  • Is Your God Dead?; Someone; In The New York Times (NYT); 2017-06.
  • French Revolution
  • 20th-century Marxist politics
  • Vladimir Lenin
  • Russian Revolution of October 1917,
  • <quote>The utopias of desire make little sense in a world overrun by cheap entertainment, unbridled consumerism and narcissistic behavior.</quote>
  • Hiroshima
  • Chernobyl
  • Internet
  • <quote>a widespread disregard for truth and objectivity</quote>
  • <quote>an immense increase in the capacity for surveillance</quote>
  • The Gulag Archipelago
  • The Khmer Rouge’s killing fields
  • The Cultural Revolution
  • Barack Obama
  • <quote>The main task of government, Barack Obama ended up saying, is to avoid doing stupid stuff.</quote>

A taxonomy of prospection: Introducing an organizational framework for future-oriented cognition | Szpunar, Spreng, Schachter

Szpunar, Spreng, Schachter; A taxonomy of prospection: Introducing an organizational framework for future-oriented cognition; In Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS); 2014-09-11; 8 pages; landing., pubmed.

Authors

Abstract

Prospection—the ability to represent what might happen in the future—is a broad concept that has been used to characterize a wide variety of future-oriented cognitions, including affective forecasting, prospective memory, temporal discounting, episodic simulation, and autobiographical planning. In this article, we propose a taxonomy of prospection to initiate the important and necessary process of teasing apart the various forms of future thinking that constitute the landscape of prospective cognition. The organizational framework that we propose delineates episodic and semantic forms of four modes of future thinking: simulation, prediction, intention, and planning. We show how this framework can be used to draw attention to the ways in which various modes of future thinking interact with one another, generate new questions about prospective cognition, and illuminate our understanding of disorders of future thinking. We conclude by considering basic cognitive processes that give rise to prospective cognitions, cognitive operations and emotional/motivational states relevant to future-oriented cognition, and the possible role of procedural or motor systems in future-oriented behavior.

The Real Threat of Artificial Intelligence | Kai-Fu Lee (NYT)

The Real Threat of Artificial Intelligence; Kai-Fu Lee; In Sunday Review, of The New York Times (NYT); 2017-06-24.

Kai-Fu Lee is
  • chairman and chief executive of Sinovation Ventures, a venture capital firm,
  • the president of its Artificial Intelligence Institute.

Mentions

  • Singularity, The Singularity
  • Artificial Intelligence: Economic Inequality; Staff; In The New York Times (NYT); 2017-06-24.
  • The revolutions
    • Industrial Revolution
    • (Personal) Computer Revolution
    • Artificial Intelligence Revolution
    • <quote> Artificial intelligence is poorly suited for jobs involving creativity, planning and “cross-domain” thinking — for example, the work of a trial lawyer. But these skills are typically required by high-paying jobs that may be hard to retrain displaced workers to do. More promising are lower-paying jobs involving the “people skills” that A.I. lacks: social workers, bartenders, concierges — professions requiring nuanced human interaction.</quote>
  • Solutionism
    • “service jobs of love.”
      • <quote>Examples include accompanying an older person to visit a doctor, mentoring at an orphanage and serving as a sponsor at Alcoholics Anonymous — or, potentially soon, Virtual Reality Anonymous (for those addicted to their parallel lives in computer-generated simulations).</quote>
      • The volunteer service jobs of today, in other words, may turn into the real jobs of the future.
    • Keynsenian demand stimulation
    • Income redistribution
  • <quote>First, most of the money being made from artificial intelligence will go to the United States and China. A. I. is an industry in which strength begets strength: The more data you have, the better your product; the better your product, the more data you can collect; the more data you can collect, the more talent you can attract; the more talent you can attract, the better your product.</quote>
  • Exemplars
    • Self-driving cars:
      Google, Tesla and Uber.
    • Internet:
      Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Amazon, Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent.
  • Something fanciful about
    • (economic) vassal states, dependent states; all because of Artificial Intelligence
    • mercantilism, dependent states; all because of Artificial Intelligence
  • <quote>China or the United States — to essentially become that country’s economic dependent, taking in welfare subsidies in exchange for letting the “parent” nation’s A.I. companies continue to profit from the dependent country’s users.</quote>

In 10 Years, Your iPhone Won’t Be a Phone Anymore | WSJ

In 10 Years, Your iPhone Won’t Be a Phone Anymore; Christopher Mims; In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ); 2017-06-25.
Teaser: Siri will be the conductor of a suite of devices, all tracking your interactions and anticipating your next moves

tl;dr → <gee-whiz!>Apple. Apple.  Apple.</gee-whiz!>

Mentions

  • 2027
  • Apple
  • Siri
  • iPhone
  • foldable phones
  • body area network
  • Augmented Reality (AR)
  • iOS11
  • Tim Cook, CEO, Apple
  • Acquisitions
    • Lattice Data
    • Turi
    • Perceptio
    • Primesense
    • Metaio.
  • HoloLense, Microsoft
  • Products
    • HealthKit
    • CarPlay
    • Apple Pay
    • GymKit, with StairMaster
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Augmented Reality (AR)
  • flying car

Quotes

  • Ryan Walsh
    • newbie partner Floodgate (venture capital)
    • ex-Apple, product management for media, who from 2014 to 2016.
  • Jonathan Badeen, co-founder and chief strategy officer, Tinder

Quotes

  • <quote>Trying to predict where technology will be in a decade may be a fool’s errand, but how often do we get to tie up so many emerging trends in a neat package?</quote>
  • <quote>All these technologies—interfacing with our smart homes, smart cars, even smart cities—will constitute not just a new way to interact with computers but a new way of life. And of course, worrisome levels of privacy invasion.</quote>
  • <quote>By 2027, Apple and its competitors will also have cemented a world of tradeoffs: If you want your life enhanced by AI and all the rest of this tech, you’re going to have to submit to constant surveillance—by your devices or, in many cases, by the tech giants themselves. Apple’s bet is that you will trust it to do this: The company’s privacy stance is that it isn’t going to look at or share your data, and it will be encrypted so others can’t look at it, either.</quote>

Global Megatrends 2017 Update | Hewlett-Packard

Global Megatrends 2017 Update; Andrew Bolwell (Hewlett-Packard); On Slideshare; 2017-01-04; 168 slides ← hpmegatrendspres2017

tl;dr → 4 trends; all are the same as last year (2016, published 3 months prior)
  1. Rapid Urbanization
  2. Changing Demographics
  3. Hyper Globalization
  4. Accelerated Innovation

Global Megatrends: Shaping Our Future; Andrew Bolwell (Hewlett-Packard); On Slideshare; 2016-10-11; 111 slides ← megatrendspres

Andrew Bolwell is (some various combination of) Senior Executive│Business Innovation│Entrepreneurship│Global Business Development│Strategic Vision│Product Ideation, Hewlett-Packard.

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