tl;dr → the opposition is elucidated and juxtaposed; the domain is problematized.
and → “Big Data,” by definition, is opportunistic and unsupervisable; it collects everything and identifies something later in the backend. Else it is not “Big Data” (it is “little data,” which is known, familiar, boring, and of course has settled law surrounding its operational envelope).
After years of drafting and negotiations, the EU finally passed the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The GDPR’s impact will, most likely, be profound. Among the challenges data protection law faces in the digital age, the emergence of Big Data is perhaps the greatest. Indeed, Big Data analysis carries both hope and potential harm to the individuals whose data is analyzed, as well as other individuals indirectly affected by such analyses. These novel developments call for both conceptual and practical changes in the current legal setting.
Unfortunately, the GDPR fails to properly address the surge in Big Data practices. The GDPR’s provisions are — to borrow a key term used throughout EU data protection regulation — incompatible with the data environment that the availability of Big Data generates. Such incompatibility is destined to render many of the GDPR’s provisions quickly irrelevant. Alternatively, the GDPR’s enactment could substantially alter the way Big Data analysis is conducted, transferring it to one that is suboptimal and inefficient. It will do so while stalling innovation in Europe and limiting utility to European citizens, while not necessarily providing such citizens with greater privacy protection.
After a brief introduction (Part I), Part II quickly defines Big Data and its relevance to EU data protection law. Part III addresses four central concepts of EU data protection law as manifested in the GDPR: Purpose Specification, Data Minimization, Automated Decisions and Special Categories. It thereafter proceeds to demonstrate that the treatment of every one of these concepts in the GDPR is lacking and in fact incompatible with the prospects of Big Data analysis. Part IV concludes by discussing the aggregated effect of such incompatibilities on regulated entities, the EU, and society in general.
<snide>Apparently this was not known before the activists captured the legislature and affected their ends with the force of law. Now we know. Yet we all must obey the law, as it stands and as it is written. And why was this not published in an EU-located law journal, perhaps one located in … Brussels?</snide>
I. INTRODUCTION AND ROAD MAP
II. A BRIEF PRIMER ON BIG DATA AND THE LAW
III. THE GDPR’S INCOMPATIBILITY – FOUR EXAMPLES
A. Purpose Limitation
B. Data Minimization
C. Special Categories
D. Automated Decisions
IV. CONCLUSION: WHAT’S NEXT FOR EUROPE
There are 123 references, manifested as footnotes in the legal style.