How Smartphones Hijack Our Minds | WSJ

How Smartphones Hijack Our Minds; Nicholas Carr; In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ); 2017-10-06 (paywalled).
Teaser: Research suggests that as the brain grows dependent on phone technology, the intellect weakens

tl;dr → <quote>[people] aren’t very good at distinguishing the knowledge we keep in our heads from the information we find on our phones or computers. </quote>

Books

  • The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains, W. W. Norton, 2011-06-08, 404 pages, ASIN:0393339750: Kindle: $9, paper: $10+SHT.
  • Utopia Is Creepy, and Other Provocations, W. W. Norton; 2016-09-06, 384 pages, ASIN:0393254542: kindle: 10, paper: $8+SHT.
  • and [many] other books
    …in the boosterist and anthologized thinkpiece longread blogpost genres e.g.

    • The Glass Cage: How Our Computers Are Changing Us, W. W. Norton, 2015-09-08, 288 pages, ASIN:0393351637: Kindle: $9, paper: $6+SHT.
    • IT Matter? Information Technology and the Corrosion of Competitive Advantage, Harvard Business Review Press, 2004-04, 208 pages, ASIN:1591394449, Kindle: $20, paper: $0.01+SHT.

 

Mentions

  • “available cognitive capacity”
  • “fluid intelligence”
  • “brain drain” (a technical term, attributed to Ward et al.)
  • “supernormal stimulus”
  • “data is memory without history”, attributed to Cynthia Ozick.
  • the “Google effect,” strictly, pertains to information retrieval.

Exemplars

…they are bad…
  • Apple, iPhone
  • Facebook
  • Google
  • Samsung [Android]

Who

  • Maarten Bos, staff, Disney.
  • Kristen Duke, staff, University of California, San Diego (UCSD).
  • Ayelet Gneezy, staff, University of California, San Diego (UCSD).
  • William James, boffo, quoted circa 1892.
    Expertise: psychology, philosophy.
    Honorific: pioneering .
  • Cynthia Ozick, self.
    Trade: scrivener, dissent.
  • Betsy Sparrow, staff, Columbia University.
    Expertise: psychology.
  • Adrian Ward, professor, marketing professor, University of Texas at Austin (UTA)
    Expertise: psychology, cognitive psychology
  • Daniel Wegner, Harvard.
    deceased.
    Expertise: memory

Referenced

  • Many Unlock Events Per Day; video segment; ABC News; WHEN?.
    …Where more Americans get their news than from any other source [grammar police be damned!]
  • Some Survey, Gallup, 2015.
    tl;dr → <quote>Over 50% “can’t image” life without a cellphone.</quote>
  • Adrian Ward, et al. A Study. That. Shows. In Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2015. pubmed:26121498
  • Some Authors. Another Study. That. Shows. In Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 2015.
  • Adrian Ward (U.T. Austin), Kristen Duke, Ayelet Gneezy (UCSD), Maarten Bos (Disney). Study. That. Shows. 2015.
  • Adrian Ward (UTA) et al.More Study. That. Shows. In Journal of the Association for Consumer Research. 2017-04. preprint. DOI:10.1086/691462.
  • Some Authors (University of Southern Maine). Another Study. That. Shows. In Social Psychology. psycnet:2014-52302-001
  • More Authors. Yet Another Study. That. Shows. In Applied Cognitive Psychology. 2017-04. another study. DOI:10.1002/acp.3323.
    tl;dr → N=160 & WEIRD (students) at the University of Arkansas at Monticello.
  • Even More Authors. Even More Study. That. Shows. In Labour Economics; 2016.
  • More Authors. More Study. That Shows. In Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 2013. paywall. DOI:10.1177/0265407512453827.
    tl;dr → N=192, WIERD (students), University of Essex in the U.K.
  • Betsy Sparrow (Columbia), Daniel Wegner (Harvard), et al. Authors. Yet Another Study. That. Shows. In Science (Magazine). 2011. paywall.
  • The Internet has become the external hard drive for our memories; Staff; In Scientific American; WHEN?

Previously

In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ)…

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