The paper is promoted; embargoed until 2017-10-30.
A newly discovered vulnerability in generation of RSA keys used by a software library adopted in cryptographic smartcards, security tokens and other secure hardware chips manufactured by Infineon Technologies AG allows for a practical factorization attack, in which the attacker computes the private part of an RSA key. The attack is feasible for commonly used key lengths, including 1024 and 2048 bits, and affects chips manufactured as early as 2012, that are now commonplace. Assess your keys now with the provided offline and online detection tools and contact your vendor if you are affected. Major vendors including Microsoft, Google, HP, Lenovo, Fujitsu already released the software updates and guidelines for a mitigation. Full details including the factorization method will be released in 2 weeks at the ACM CCS conference as ‘The Return of Coppersmith’s Attack: Practical Factorization of Widely Used RSA Moduli’ (ROCA) research paper.
An RSA implementation is broken
<quote>In NIST FIPS 140-2 and CC EAL 5+ certified devices since at least the year 2012.</quote>
a software implementation,
embedded in hardware,
embedded in Trusted Petunia Module (TPM)
Building a 300 node Raspberry Pi supercomputer; Robin Harris; In ZDNet; 2017-09-29.
Teaser: Commodity hardware makes possible massive 100,000 node clusters, because, after all, commodity hardware is “cheap” — if you’re Google. What if you want a lot of cycles but don’t have a few million dollars to spend? Think Raspberry Pi
What’s an enclave? It’s a computer-within-the-computer because we can’t trust the computer any more; it having been hacked by powers foreign and domestic. Whereupon the computer-inside-the-Intel-inside being made of The Unhackable, we are safe.
Attack of the Zombie Websites; Craig Silverman; In BuzzFeed; 2017-10-17.
Teaser: <snip>actual reporting, by an actual reporter</snip> how seemingly-credible players in the ad supply chain can play an active role in — and profit from — fraud.
tl;dr → the lede is buried, but he does get down to it; the names are recited, the scheme is explained. Lots of discursory background & color.
Whereas the article buries the lede way way down under the fold…
301network Media, allied “dbas”; Matt Arceneaux, Andrew Becks.
Monkey Frog Media, Market 57, Orange Box Media
AdSupply, allied “dbas”; Eric Willis, Chris Corson.
Focus Marketing, Lepton Labs
KVD Brand Inc.; Katarina Van Derham.
Viva Glam, RecipeGreen
Black Lives Matter Global Network, a “chapter” of Black Lives Matter (BLM)
Clarkstown, New York
Rockland County, upstate New York
We the People, a protest group
<quote>Michael Sullivan, ex? Chief of Police, Clarkstown, New York, was suspended 2016-07, fired 2017-09. A special prosecutor had been hired by the town supervisor (the equivalent of a mayor) to investigate the unit and had uncovered evidence of improper surveillance targeting Sullivan’s perceived political enemies—including the county sheriff, a judge, the supervisor himself, and even residents who supported cutting the police department’s budget. The investigation resulted in more than a dozen disciplinary charges against Sullivan—who was found guilty for 11 of them. He was fired in September 2017.</quote>
Background for the piece…
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
uses Geofeedia into Fusion Centers, to prospectively track persons of interest via Instagram, Facebook, Twitter. ref
<quote><snip/>had obtained search warrants to access Facebook accounts of “anti-administration activists.</quote>
…and “civli rights leaders”
<quote>well aware of the FBI’s history of surveillance against civil rights leaders and the Black Panthers</quote>
2017-10, <quote>[the FBI] had identified a new surveillance category for “black identity extremists”</quote>
Definition “black identity extremists,” a precrime designator
Are [people] who are assessed to have a propensity to attack police in retaliation for police violence against African Americans.
Strategic Intelligence Unit, Police Department, State of New York.
Clarkstown, New York
[police] used a “geofence” twice in the month.
Nyack, New York [State]
Clarkstown, New York [State]
Stephen Cole-Hatchard, ex-? Sergeant,ex-”head,” Strategic Intelligence Unit, Police Department, Clarkstown.
Peter Modafferi, ex-chief detective, District Attorney’s Office, Rockland County, New York
Michael Sullivan, ex-Chief of Police, Clarkstown, New York,
was suspended 2016-07, was fired 2017-09 [see above].
William O. Wagstaff III, attorney for the plaintiffs.
For Color, Backgorund & Verisimilitude
Chris Conley, staff, attorney-cert., ACLU of Northern California.
Susan Freiwald, professor, Law School, University of San Francisco (USF).
Cedric L. Richmond, D, LA, chairman, Congressional Black Caucus.
How Smartphones Hijack Our Minds; Nicholas Carr; In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ); 2017-10-06 (paywalled).
Teaser: Research suggests that as the brain grows dependent on phone technology, the intellect weakens
tl;dr → <quote>[people] aren’t very good at distinguishing the knowledge we keep in our heads from the information we find on our phones or computers. </quote>
The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains, W. W. Norton, 2011-06-08, 404 pages, ASIN:0393339750: Kindle: $9, paper: $10+SHT.
Utopia Is Creepy, and Other Provocations, W. W. Norton; 2016-09-06, 384 pages, ASIN:0393254542: kindle: 10, paper: $8+SHT.
and [many] other books
…in the boosterist and anthologized thinkpiece longread blogpost genres e.g.
The Glass Cage: How Our Computers Are Changing Us, W. W. Norton, 2015-09-08, 288 pages, ASIN:0393351637: Kindle: $9, paper: $6+SHT.
IT Matter? Information Technology and the Corrosion of Competitive Advantage, Harvard Business Review Press, 2004-04, 208 pages, ASIN:1591394449, Kindle: $20, paper: $0.01+SHT.
“available cognitive capacity”
“brain drain” (a technical term, attributed to Ward et al.)
“data is memory without history”, attributed to Cynthia Ozick.
the “Google effect,” strictly, pertains to information retrieval.
…they are bad…
Maarten Bos, staff, Disney.
Kristen Duke, staff, University of California, San Diego (UCSD).
Ayelet Gneezy, staff, University of California, San Diego (UCSD).
William James, boffo, quoted circa 1892.
Expertise: psychology, philosophy.
Honorific: pioneering .
Cynthia Ozick, self.
Trade: scrivener, dissent.
Betsy Sparrow, staff, Columbia University.
Adrian Ward, professor, marketing professor, University of Texas at Austin (UTA)
Expertise: psychology, cognitive psychology
Daniel Wegner, Harvard.
Many Unlock Events Per Day; video segment; ABC News; WHEN?.
…Where more Americans get their news than from any other source [grammar police be damned!]
Some Survey, Gallup, 2015.
tl;dr → <quote>Over 50% “can’t image” life without a cellphone.</quote>
Adrian Ward, et al. A Study. That. Shows. In Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2015. pubmed:26121498
Some Authors. Another Study. That. Shows. In Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 2015.
Adrian Ward (U.T. Austin), Kristen Duke, Ayelet Gneezy (UCSD), Maarten Bos (Disney). Study. That. Shows. 2015.
Adrian Ward (UTA) et al.More Study. That. Shows. In Journal of the Association for Consumer Research. 2017-04. preprint. DOI:10.1086/691462.
Some Authors (University of Southern Maine). Another Study. That. Shows. In Social Psychology. psycnet:2014-52302-001
More Authors. Yet Another Study. That. Shows. In Applied Cognitive Psychology. 2017-04. another study. DOI:10.1002/acp.3323.
tl;dr → N=160 & WEIRD (students) at the University of Arkansas at Monticello.
Even More Authors. Even More Study. That. Shows. In Labour Economics; 2016.
More Authors. More Study. That Shows. In Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 2013. paywall. DOI:10.1177/0265407512453827.
tl;dr → N=192, WIERD (students), University of Essex in the U.K.
Betsy Sparrow (Columbia), Daniel Wegner (Harvard), et al. Authors. Yet Another Study. That. Shows. In Science (Magazine). 2011. paywall.