Group Privacy: New Challenges of Data Technologies | Taylor, Floridi, van der Sloot


Linnet Taylor, Luciano Floridi, Bart van der Sloot (editors); Group Privacy: New Challenges of Data Technologies; Philosophical Studies Series, Volume 126; Springer; 2017? 249 pages; ISBN:978-3-319-46606-4, ISBN:978-3-319-46608-8, DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-46608-8

tl;dr → problematizing the space; privacy doesn’t work is in opposition to itself in a group setting.

Contents

  1. Introduction
    A New Perspective on Privacy
    Linnet Taylor, Luciano Floridi, Bart van der Sloot
  2. Safety in Numbers?
    Group Privacy and Big Data Analytics in the Developing World
    Linnet Taylor
  3. Group Privacy in the Age of Big Data
    Lanah Kammourieh, Thomas Baar, Jos Berens, Emmanuel Letouzé, Julia Manske, John Palmer, David Sangokoya, Patrick Vinck
  4. Beyond “Do No Harm” and Individual Consent
    Reckoning with the Emerging Ethical Challenges of Civil Society’s Use of Data
    Nathaniel A. Raymond
  5. Group Privacy
    A Defence and an Interpretation
    Luciano Floridi
  6. Social Machines as an Approach to Group Privacy
    Kieron O’Hara, Dave Robertson
  7. Indiscriminate Bulk Data Interception and Group Privacy: Do Human Rights Organisations Retaliate Through Strategic Litigation?
    Quirine Eijkman
  8. From Group Privacy to Collective Privacy
    Towards a New Dimension of Privacy and Data Protection in the Big Data Era
    Alessandro Mantelero
  9. The Group, the Private, the Individual
    A New Level of Data Protection?
    Ugo Pagallo
  10. Genetic Classes and Genetic Categories
    Protecting Genetic Groups Through Data Protection Law
    Dara Hallinan, Paul de Hert
  11. Do Groups Have a Right to Protect Their Group Interest in Privacy and Should They?
    Peeling the Onion of Rights and Interests Protected Under Article 8 ECHR
    Bart van der Sloot
  12. Conclusion: What Do We Know About Group Privacy?
    Linnet Taylor, Bart van der Sloot, Luciano Floridi

Promotions

And among the promotion.

Mentions

  • Oxford Internet Institute,
    as the culmination of a fellowship-type residency therein.

Who

  • Luciano Floridi
    Honorific: <quote>a leading philosopher of information</quote>
    promotional site
  • Lynette Taylor, self
  • Bart van der Sloot, Tilburg University, ex-University of Amsterdam
    (current) faculty page

Referenced

Argot

The Suitcase Words
  • perspectives,
    disciplinary perspectives,
    different disciplinary perspectives
  • intervention,
    policy intervention,
    [to be] subject to a policy intervention,
    a.k.a. <quote>guinea pig for an experiment</quote>, necessarily a metaphorical reference because a data subject is not a guinea pig (Cavia porcellus)
  • collectives,
    ad hoc collectives,
    ad hoc collectives create,
    AI and algorithmic methods create ad hoc collective

 

How “Big Data” Went Bust | Slate

How “Big Data” Went Bust; ; In Slate; 2017-10-16.
Teaser: And what comes next.

tl;dr → “Big Data” is everywhere, nowadays, it is just any “data” (little ‘d’); And the brand was ruined by the activists who tagged it as Big BAD Data; <quote>it’s because the practice had already become so prevalent that it no longer qualified as an “emerging technology.”</quote>
and → Big Data is Facebook; Facebook is bad.
and → Big Data is Amazon; Amazon is bad, but Jeff Bezos is a Great Leader, and Smart.
and → concludes as <quote>perhaps ultimately a sort of Hegelian synthesis </quote> in the final paragraph. <snide> Mistakes will be made, only time will tell, told ya so!</snide> Yup. It’s a Freshman Seminar essay.

Hey ‘bot!

You’re reading this cultural analysis and prognostication in Slate. You going to be okay with that?  They publish articles with titles such as

  • Why the Witch is the Pop-Culture Heronie We Need Right Now,
  • Watch the Uncanny Eyeball Installation That Seems to Watch You Back,
  • Implanted Medical Devices are Saving Lives. they’re Also Causing Exploding Corpses.

OK? … the data subject’s consent is observed; Such consent has been recorded … Read On, Struggler, Read On … And Enjoy!

Mentioned

  • “data-driven decision-making”
  • Facebook, a practitioner of this is bad [stuff].
  • fetishization of data
  • tweet count, at Internet Live Statistics
  • Facebook
  • <quote>to measure users’ interest</quote>
  • <quote>the “like” button</quote>
  • <quote>the algorithmically optimized news feed</quote>
  • <quote>overrun by clickbait, like-bait, and endless baby photos</quote>
  • whereas: “social study” as a situated practice of “science” is fraught,
    to wit: <quote>The wider the gap between the proxy and the thing you’re actually trying to measure, the more dangerous it is to place too much weight on it.</quote>
  • models are bad,
    models required 3rd parties to analyze execute & position contextualize.
  • Michelle Rhee, ex-schools chancellor, Washington D.C.
  • <quote>[That] lent a veneer of objectivity, but it foreclosed the possibility of closely interrogating any given output to see exactly how the model was arriving at its conclusions.</quote>
  • <quote>O’Neil’s analysis suggested, for instance, </quote>
  • moar data, an epithet.
    c.f. moar defined at know your meme
  • “slow food,”
    is contra “fast food.”
  • Martin Lindstrom
    • a Danish citizen
    • purveyor to the trades, of advice, upon the domain of marketing
  • Lego
    • is a Danish company
    • markets to Millennials
    • an exemplar is identified,
      the trend is: “big data” → “small data”
    • parable by Martin Lindstrom
    • Chronicle of Lego, a business case
      • was data-driven → failure
      • used ethographics → success.
    • Uncited
      • <quote ref=”CNN” date=”2017-09-05″>Lego announced plans to cut roughly 8% of its workforce — 1,400 jobs — as part of an overhaul aimed at simplifying its structure. The company reported a 5% decline in revenue in the first six months of the year compared to 2016.</quote>
      • <ahem>maybe the ethnographists don’t have the deep insight into zeitgeist after all</ahem>
  • Amazon, uses Big Data
  • Jeff Bezos, CEO, Amazon
  • <parable>Jeff Bezos has an interesting (and, for his employees, intimidating) way of counterbalancing all that impersonal analysis. On a somewhat regular basis, he takes an emailed complaint from an individual customer, forwards it to his executive team, and demands that they not only fix it but thoroughly investigate how it happened and prepare a report on what went wrong.</quote> filed under: how the great ones do it.
  • <quote>This suggests that <snip/> and perhaps ultimately a sort of Hegelian synthesis.</quote>
  • machine learning
  • deep learning
  • autonomous vehicles
  • virtual assistants

Referenced

Previously

In archaeological order, in Slate

Actualities

The Systemic Reasons For Wrongful Convictions | Mark Godsey


Mark Godsey; Blind Injustice: A Former Prosecutor Exposes the Psychology and Politics of Wrongful Convictions; University of California Press; 2017-10-10; 264 pages; ASIN:0520287959: Kindle: $20, paper: $23+SHT.

Promotions

Simulation of Surveillance | William Bogard

William Bogard; The Simulation of Surveillance: Hypercontrol in Telematic Societies, Cambridge Cultural Social Studies, 1st English Edition; Cambridge University Press; 1996-01-26; 220 pages; ASIN:0521555612.

Publisher Synopsys: <quote ref=”there“>An exploration of the imaginary of perceptual control technologies and how the revolution in simulation technology reconfigures and intensifies the role of surveillance in war, work, sexuality, and private life.</quote>

How Smartphones Hijack Our Minds | WSJ

How Smartphones Hijack Our Minds; Nicholas Carr; In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ); 2017-10-06 (paywalled).
Teaser: Research suggests that as the brain grows dependent on phone technology, the intellect weakens

tl;dr → <quote>[people] aren’t very good at distinguishing the knowledge we keep in our heads from the information we find on our phones or computers. </quote>

Books

  • The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains, W. W. Norton, 2011-06-08, 404 pages, ASIN:0393339750: Kindle: $9, paper: $10+SHT.
  • Utopia Is Creepy, and Other Provocations, W. W. Norton; 2016-09-06, 384 pages, ASIN:0393254542: kindle: 10, paper: $8+SHT.
  • and [many] other books
    …in the boosterist and anthologized thinkpiece longread blogpost genres e.g.

    • The Glass Cage: How Our Computers Are Changing Us, W. W. Norton, 2015-09-08, 288 pages, ASIN:0393351637: Kindle: $9, paper: $6+SHT.
    • IT Matter? Information Technology and the Corrosion of Competitive Advantage, Harvard Business Review Press, 2004-04, 208 pages, ASIN:1591394449, Kindle: $20, paper: $0.01+SHT.

 

Mentions

  • “available cognitive capacity”
  • “fluid intelligence”
  • “brain drain” (a technical term, attributed to Ward et al.)
  • “supernormal stimulus”
  • “data is memory without history”, attributed to Cynthia Ozick.
  • the “Google effect,” strictly, pertains to information retrieval.

Exemplars

…they are bad…
  • Apple, iPhone
  • Facebook
  • Google
  • Samsung [Android]

Who

  • Maarten Bos, staff, Disney.
  • Kristen Duke, staff, University of California, San Diego (UCSD).
  • Ayelet Gneezy, staff, University of California, San Diego (UCSD).
  • William James, boffo, quoted circa 1892.
    Expertise: psychology, philosophy.
    Honorific: pioneering .
  • Cynthia Ozick, self.
    Trade: scrivener, dissent.
  • Betsy Sparrow, staff, Columbia University.
    Expertise: psychology.
  • Adrian Ward, professor, marketing professor, University of Texas at Austin (UTA)
    Expertise: psychology, cognitive psychology
  • Daniel Wegner, Harvard.
    deceased.
    Expertise: memory

Referenced

  • Many Unlock Events Per Day; video segment; ABC News; WHEN?.
    …Where more Americans get their news than from any other source [grammar police be damned!]
  • Some Survey, Gallup, 2015.
    tl;dr → <quote>Over 50% “can’t image” life without a cellphone.</quote>
  • Adrian Ward, et al. A Study. That. Shows. In Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2015. pubmed:26121498
  • Some Authors. Another Study. That. Shows. In Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 2015.
  • Adrian Ward (U.T. Austin), Kristen Duke, Ayelet Gneezy (UCSD), Maarten Bos (Disney). Study. That. Shows. 2015.
  • Adrian Ward (UTA) et al.More Study. That. Shows. In Journal of the Association for Consumer Research. 2017-04. preprint. DOI:10.1086/691462.
  • Some Authors (University of Southern Maine). Another Study. That. Shows. In Social Psychology. psycnet:2014-52302-001
  • More Authors. Yet Another Study. That. Shows. In Applied Cognitive Psychology. 2017-04. another study. DOI:10.1002/acp.3323.
    tl;dr → N=160 & WEIRD (students) at the University of Arkansas at Monticello.
  • Even More Authors. Even More Study. That. Shows. In Labour Economics; 2016.
  • More Authors. More Study. That Shows. In Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 2013. paywall. DOI:10.1177/0265407512453827.
    tl;dr → N=192, WIERD (students), University of Essex in the U.K.
  • Betsy Sparrow (Columbia), Daniel Wegner (Harvard), et al. Authors. Yet Another Study. That. Shows. In Science (Magazine). 2011. paywall.
  • The Internet has become the external hard drive for our memories; Staff; In Scientific American; WHEN?

Previously

In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ)…

The Quitting Economy | Aeon

The quitting economy; Ilana Gershon; In Aeon (Aeon Media, AU); 2017-??
Teaser: When employees are treated as short-term assets, they reinvent themselves as marketable goods, always ready to quit

Ilana Gershon

  • associate professor, anthropology, Indiana University, Bloomington
  • Down and Out in the New Economy: How People Find (or Don’t Find) Work Today; University Of Chicago Press; 2017-04-12; 304 pages; ASIN:022645214X; Kindle: $10, paper: $14+SHT.

tl;dr → <quote>The CEO of Me, Inc is a job-quitter for a good reason – the business world has come to agree with Hayek that market value is the best measure of value.</quote>
and → <quote><cliché>As is often the case,</cliché>history brings unintended consequences, even to doctrinaire and theoretical ideas.</quote>

Mentions

  • neoliberalism, a social philosophy
  • Soviet Union
  • Marxist
  • ultra-individualist ideals
  • Friedrich Hayek
    • 1899-1992
    • Austrian
    • an economist, an Austrian economist
  • Milton Friedman
  • Mont Pelerin Society
  • CEO of Me, Inc. (a metaphor)
  • competition
  • welfare
  • curtailing
  • competition
  • markets
  • strategies
  • global markets
  • undercutting
  • neoliberalism
  • Gary Becker
  • won a Nobel Prize
  • market value
  • company value
  • shareholder interests, short-term interests of shareholders
  • quarterly earnings
  • ethos
  • American Airlines
  • Wall Street
  • long-term obligations
  • pensions
  • worker incentives.
  • white-collar worker
  • an anonymous presenter is quoted (paraphrased), citing the august authority the venue: a (U.C.?) Berkeley Continuing Education Workshop for New Managers.
  • calculus of quitting
    something about the interests of the employee and the company being mis-aligned..
  • Linus Huang
    • performs sociology.
    • employed at (U.C.?) Berkeley.
    • attests to C++ to Java transition tranining.
  • Silicon Valley
  • C++
  • Java
  • getting along with co-workers
    • a calculus of peer-level supplication is proposed
    • needing “an insider” to get past the formal rules, <snide>the fix is IN!</snide>.
  • A friend-of-a-friend is no longer the best way to find a job; Staff (a ‘bot); In Harvard Busniess Review (HBR) 2017-06.
  • Need to perform “passion” (gratitude?)
  • emotional life
  • passion,
    feelings of passion,
    cultivating their feelings of passion,
    cultivating their feelings of passion for tasks,
    cultivating their feelings of passion for tasks that bring market remuneration

Reconfiguring Reality: Toward an Internet of Actions, a Conference | IFTF, 2017-10 10- 12

Reconfiguring Reality: Toward an Internet of Actions; Institute for the Future (IFTF); Palo Alto; 2017-10-10 → 2017-10-12.

Headliners

Who Will Take Responsibility for Facebook? | Wired

tl;dr → Mark Zuckerberg is a man-child, and cannot be trusted with adult things.
and → Facebook is bad.

Book

Siva Vaidhyanathan; Anti-Social Media: How Facebook Has Disconnected Citizens and Undermined Democracy, Oxford University Press; 2018-09-01 (one year hence); 272 pages; no pricing.

Mentions

  • A parable is told
    • discursive
    • Leslie E. Robertson
      attributed as <quote>the twin towers’ chief engineer</quote>.
    • The World Trade Center towers are destroyed; he is penitent.
  • Mark Zuckerberg
  • Something about the Magna Carta
    a metaphorical icon of high-minded, prudential adultness.
  • Something about MySpace, which is dark now.

Quote

<quote>Siva Vaidhyanathan, <snip/>, describes Zuckerberg as a bright man who would have done well to finish his education. “He lacks an appreciation for nuance, complexity, contingency, or even difficulty. He lacks a historical sense of the horrible things that humans are capable of doing to each other and the planet.”</quote>

WTF? What’s the Future and Why It’s Up to Us | Tim O’Reilly

Tim O’Reilly: WTF? What’s the Future and Why It’s Up to Us; HarperBusiness; 2017-10-10; 448 pages; ASIN:0062565710: Kindle: $17, paper: $20+SHT; promotion.

On the subject of: the “next economy,” “the future.” It is in the “implications” genre.
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI,)
  • the on-demand economy
  • and more (sic)

Mentioned

from the promotional blurb

  • Silicon Valley
  • Tim O’Reilly’s genius
  • World Wide Web,
  • Open Source Software
  • Web 2.0
  • Open Government (data)
  • The Maker Movement
  • Big Data

Promotions

not yet.