Expectations in Technological Developments: An Example of Prospective Structures to be Filled in by Agency | van Lente, Rip

Harro van Lente, Arie Rip; Expectations in Technological Developments: An Example of Prospective Structures to be Filled in by Agency; 28 pages; ; OAI:oai:doc.utwente.nl:34732; landing, (a photocopy of a paper article) academia.edu, landing as Chapter 7; In Cornelis Disco, Barend vander Meulen, Getting New Technologies Together: Studies in Making Sociotechnical Order; Walter de Gruyter; 1998.

An earlier version of this paper was prepared, submitted, presented at the XXIth (21st?) World Congress of Sociology, ISA, Bielefield, DE, 1994-07-18.

Mentions

  • Agenda Theory (van Lente 1993)
  • <quote>The study of texts <snip/> in this sense, one can think of technology as a generalized text This is important <snip/> because texts are nothing if not internally coordinated, among other things because of their story-line.</quote>
  • Prospective Structure
  • Structure versus Agency
  • the “script”
  • Expectation (theory)
    <quote>expectations structure activity differently than structures normally do</quote>
  • <quote capitalization=”herein”>Prospective Structure hence has the same power as Forceful Fiction in opening up space for action.</quote>
Branded Theories
  • Functionalism
  • Interactionism
  • van Lente → Agenda Theory (his, theirs)
  • Mead → role-taking
  • Goffman → dramaturgical presentation of self
  • Berger & Luckman → social construction of reality
  • Giddens → structuration theory
  • Burns & Flam → social rule system theory
  • Shibutani → social processes
  • Strauss → social world
  • Boudon → transformation processes

Outline

  • Introduction
  • Technology and the Problem of Structure-Agency in Sociology
  • Some Examples of Emerging Patterns in Technology
    • Example 1: Moore’s Law as a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy.
    • Example 2: The Emerging World of Membrane Technology in The Netherlands.
    • Example 3: HDTV, a Self-Justifying Technology.
  • From Promise to Requirement
  • Mechanisms: Mutual Positioning and Agenda-Building
  • In Conclusion

Actualities

The privacy threat of IoT device traffic rate metadata | Help Net Security

The privacy threat of IoT device traffic rate metadata; ; In Some Blog, entitled Help Net Security; 2017-05-22.

tl;dr → There be dragons. Use a VPN. SIGINT by TA on the MD (Signals Intelligence by Traffic Analysis on the Meta Data)

Mentions

  • Traffic Analysis
  • traffic rate

Referenced

The Internet of Things Needs a Code of Ethics | The Atlantic

The Internet of Things Needs a Code of Ethics; Kaveh Waddell; In The Atlantic; 2017-05-01.
Teaser: Technology is evolving faster than the legal and moral frameworks needed to manage it.

tl;dr → an interview with Francine Berman, promoting the CACM article.

  • security
  • privacy
  • there be dragons.

Original Sources

Social and Ethical Behavior in the Internet of Things; Francine Berman, Vinton G. Cerf; In Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery (CACM); 2017-02; 2 pages.

Mentions

  • Vint Cerf, self
  • Francine Berman, professor, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
  • Industrial Revolution
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
  • cyber-physical systems
  • Internet of Things.
  • Google Maps
  • digital assistants
  • Siri
  • Patients Like Me]

The Weaponization of Information | Rand Waltzman, testmony 2017-04-27

Rand Waltzman; The Weaponization of Information; CT-473; Rand Corporation; 2017-04-27; 10 pages; landing.
Teaser: The Need for Cognitive Security

Testimony presented before the Senate Armed Services Committee, Subcommittee on Cybersecurity on 2017-04-27.

Mentions

<quote>

  • Take the population and break it down into communities, based on any number of criteria (e.g. hobbies, interests, politics, needs, concerns, etc.).
  • Determine who in each community is most susceptible to given types of messages.
  • Determine the social dynamics of communication and flow of ideas within each community.
  • Determine what narratives of different types dominate the conversation in each community.
  • Use all of the above to design and push a narrative likely to succeed in displacing a narrative unfavorable to you with one that is more favorable.
  • Use continual monitoring and interaction to determine the success of your effort and adjust in real time.

</quote>

Referenced

At least

Christopher Paul, Miriam Matthews; The Russian “Firehose of Falsehood” Propaganda Model; PE-108-OSD; Rand Corporation; 2016; 16 pages (landscape, like slideware); landing.
Teaser: Why It Might Work and Options to Counter It

Separately filled.

 

Julie Lythcott-Haims, ex-Stanford, promotes ‘How To Raise An Adult’ & opines on the adult skills every 18-year-old should have | Quartz

A Stanford dean on adult skills every 18-year-old should have; Julie Lythcott-Haims; In Quora; 2016-04-14.

tl;dr → a book promotion

Original Sources

Listicle

An 18-year-old must be able to…

  1. talk to strangers
  2. find his or her way around
  3. manage his assignments, workload, and deadlines
  4. contribute to the running of a house hold
  5. handle interpersonal problems
  6. cope with ups and downs
  7. earn and manage money
  8. take risks

From Encrypted Drives To Amazon’s Cloud — The Amazing Flight Of The Panama Papers | Forbes

From Encrypted Drives To Amazon’s Cloud — The Amazing Flight Of The Panama Papers; Thomas Fox-Brewster; In Forbes; 2016-04-05.

Original Sources

Panama Papers, publication site; International Consortium of Investigative Journalists

Mentions

  • Mossack Fonseca
  • Drupal
  • WordPress

Technologies

Names dropped

  • DuckDuckGo, a search engine
    Apparently, DuckDuckGo uses Apache Solr.

Quoted

Silicon Valley job boom unleashes challenges that could choke growth | Mercury News

Silicon Valley job boom unleashes challenges that could choke growth; George Avalos; In Mercury News; 2016-04-07.

Original Sources

  • A Study. That. Shows.; uncited
    • developed by: Center for Continuing Study of the California Economy.
    • commissioned by: Joint Venture Silicon Valley.

Mentions

  • Center for Continuing Study of the California Economy.
  • Joint Venture Silicon Valley

Quoted

  • Stephen Levy, director, Center for Continuing Study of the California Economy, Palo Alto.
  • Jeffrey Michael, director, Business Forecasting Center, University of the Pacific, Stockton.

Previously

Why Brick-And-Mortar Stores Are The Next Big Attribution Hurdle | Ad Exchanger

Why Brick-And-Mortar Stores Are The Next Big Attribution Hurdle; ; In Ad Exchanger; 2016-03-01.

tl;dr → because.

Mentions

  • Nielsen
    • Partners
      • Target
      • (only) Target
  • PlaceIQ
  • LiveRamp of Acxiom
  • addressable TV
  • <quote>The product works by combining LiveRamp’s retail connectivity with PlaceIQ’s location targeting. LiveRamp has a huge repository of in-store shopping data, which it receives through a network of third parties.</quote>

Quoted

  • Derek Thompson, Chief Strategy Officer, PlaceIQ
  • Anneka Gupta, Chief Product Officer, LiveRamp.
  • Karen Fichuk, North American president, Nielsen.

Previously