William McNabb, Chief Executive of Fund Giant Vanguard, to Step Down | WSJ

William McNabb, Chief Executive of Fund Giant Vanguard, to Step Down; Landon Thomas Jr.; In The New York Times (NYT); 2017-07-13.

Announcement
  • Effective 2018-01-01.
  • Successors
    • CEO: Tim Buckley
    • CIO: Greg Davis
  • New Directors
    • Sarah Bloom Raskin, ex-deputy secretary at the United States Treasury.
    • Deanna Mulligan, chief executive, Guardian Life Insurance Company of America./

Mentions

  • Malvern, PA
  • <quote>Mr. McNabb’s decision could be seen as a pre-emptive strike of sorts to lock in a new generation of leadership at the firm.</quote>

Who

F. William McNabb III

  • age 60
  • Will remain as chair(bot of the Board)
Bio
  • Joined Vanguard in 1986
  • Appointed chief executive in 2008
    replacing Jack Brennan, age 53.

Tim Buckley

  • age 48
  • Current Chief Investment Officer (CIO)
    since 2013.
Bio
  • Joined Vanguard in 1991
    as an assistant to Mr. John Bogle,
  • Clai9ms that he has never considered leaving Vanguard.

Greg Davis

  • age 48
  • Current “head” of the fixed income division.

Jack Brennan

  • Replaced as CEO, 2008
  • Was age 53, in 2008.

Previously

In The New York Times Html &dots;

Ad blocking is under attack | Adguard

Andrey Meshkov (Adguard); Ad blocking is under attack; In Their Blog;

tl;dr → An ad Some server was delisted by an ad block list due to a DMCA order.

Mentions

  • Filter Lists, lists of filters
  • Admiral
  • functionalclam.com

Participants

Who

Referenced

Time Line

2017-08-11, 08:09 GMT
an EFF representative
offered their help to EasyList maintainers.
2017-08-11 11:34 GMT
Filters maintainers commented on the situation
2017-08-11 13:13 GMT
Comment from Admiral
2017-08-11 17:05 GMT
The original DMCA notice is now available
2017-08-11 21:13 GMT
Github representative commented on the situation
2017-08-10
commit in the repo of EasyList, 2017-08-10.
tl;dr → The “functionalclam.com” domain was removed with a comment “Removed due to DMCA takedown request”.
2017-07-19 (2017-08-11 – 23 days)
commit, 2017-08-11 minus 23 days
tl;dr → added “functionalclam.com” to EasyList.

  • @dmcahelper (an account at GitHub?) threatened <someone/> or <something/>.
  • A similarity is observed in
    Staff (Block Ad Block); Is Adblock Plus Violating The DMCA; In Their Blog; WHEN?

Actualities

19 Is the New 60 | Lenore Skenazy (WSJ)

Lenore Skenazy; 19 Is the New 60; In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ); 2017-08-10.
Teaser: Adults should stop stealing away the time kids need to play.

Original Sources

Nineteen Year Olds As Sedentary As Sixty Year Olds Study Suggests; press release; Johns Hopkins University; 2017.
Teaser: Teen years represent highest risk for inactivity; increases in activity levels only seen in 20-somethings

Vijay R. Varma, Debangan Dey, Andrew Leroux, Junrui Di, Jacek Urbanek, Luo Xiao, Vadim Zipunnikov, “Re-evaluating the effect of age on physical activity over the lifespan,” In Preventive Medicine, 2017-06-01.

Mentions

  • <pull-quote>When it comes to physical activity, 19 is the new 60. </pull-quote>
  • The Study. That. Shows.
    • 2017-06.
    • N=12,500
    • panel
    • tracking device logging & diaries
    • Authors
      • Vadim Zipunnikov, professor, Johns Hopkins University
      • and others
  • <quote>Correlation isn’t causation</quote>, attributed to Lenore Skenazy. Yes, she actually uttered that in the essay.
  • Peter Gray, professor, psychology, Boston College

Concept

  • loss of “locus of control,”
  • strong connection (a link? as it were) between happiness and feeling in control of life.

Who

  • Vadim Zipunnikov, professor, Johns Hopkins University
  • Peter Gray, professor, psychology, Boston College

Referenced

Check Your Inbox: Google Warns Publishers Serving Annoying Ads | Advertising Age

Check Your Inbox: Google Warns Publishers Serving Annoying Ads; ; In Advertising Age; 2017-08-08.

Mentions

  • Better Ads Standard
  • Coalition for Better Ads.
    the Justice League-type group; i.e. brand vigilantes

Members

  • Google,
  • Facebook,
  • Procter & Gamble,
  • Unilever,
  • The Washington Post,
  • Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB),
  • GroupM,
  • Association of National Advertisers (ANA).

Exemplars

The Iconic Brands
  • Betty Crocker
    General Mills

There is just one iconic brand.

The Violators
  • Betty Crocker, brand promotional site, General Mills,
  • Forbes,
  • New York Daily News,
  • Los Angeles Times,
  • The Independent,
  • TV Guide,
  • Chicago Tribune,
  • LifeHacker,
  • ZDNet,
  • PCMag,
  • Orlando Sun-Sentinel,
  • Washington Times,
  • Eurogamer
  • Chicago Sun-Times.
Honorifics
  • iconic brand
  • ad-buying giant
  • self-appointed hero
  • Justice League-type group (per DC Comics)

Quotes

<quote>”This is long overdue and it is the browser’s job to fix it, The whole rise of ad blocking would have been materially different if it was just the annoying ads that were being targeted. I think the notion of stripping the web of the bad and keeping the good will go over universally well for publishers who have a business to run.”" attributed to Andrew Casale.
<snide>And how much is the adtech (“the trade”) paying browser builders to do their job?</snide>

Unsourced

i.e. Rumor (or perhaps Fiction)
a.k.a. <cool-speak>On Deep Background</cool-speak>

<quote>Indeed, the Coalition has also begun reaching out to other major browser makers to see if they would be interested in blocking “annoying” ads, according to people with direct knowledge of the conversations.<quote>
Who?
<quote>people with direct knowledge of the conversations</quote>, that’s who.

Quoted

  • Scott Spencer, director of product management, Google.
  • Ben Gerst, senior VP of product development, Tronc.
  • Andrew Casale, CEO, Index Exchange.

Referenced

Previously

In Ad Age

Leading with commas — ugly or efficient? An investigation over 320 GB of SQL code | Hackernoon

Leading with commas — ugly or efficient? An investigation over 320 GB of SQL code;
Felipe Hoffa (staff?); In Hackernoon; 2017-07-26.
Teaser: Winning arguments with data: Let’s analyze 320 Gigabytes of open source SQL code to determine if we should use trailing or leading commas. Popularity is not enough — can we determine which style leads to success?
Felipe Hoffa, Developer Advocate @Google, San Francisco

Concept

# trailing commas
SELECT name,
  company,
  salary,
  state,
  city
FROM `employees`
WHERE state='CA'
# leading commas
SELECT name
  , company
  , salary
  , state
  , city
FROM `employees`
WHERE state='CA'

Summary

  • Categories
    • Leading Commas → fewest projects
    • Mixed Style → some more
    • Trailing Commas → the majority
  • Projects that allow a mix of styles show the most success.
  • Projects that enforce leading commas
    •  don’t show as much success as mixed
    • more successful than trailing
  • The trend is stable throughout the years  2016 & 2017.

Results

presented as an image, not as data:

Mentions

  • BigQuery
  • SQL is shown.

Actualities

#standardSQL
WITH comma_lines_per_files AS  (
    SELECT sample_repo_name, sample_stars_2016, sample_stars 
      , REGEXP_CONTAINS(line, r',\s*$') has_trailing 
      , REGEXP_CONTAINS(line, r'^\s*,') has_leading
      , line
    FROM `fh-bigquery.github_extracts.contents_sql`
      , UNNEST(SPLIT(content, '\n')) line
    WHERE line LIKE '%,%'
    AND LENGTH(line)>5
), stats_per_repo AS (
  SELECT sample_repo_name
    , MAX(has_leading) has_leading
    , MAX(has_trailing) has_trailing
    , ANY_VALUE(line) sample_line
    , ANY_VALUE(sample_stars) stars
    , ANY_VALUE(sample_stars_2016) stars_2016
    , (SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT actor.id) FROM `githubarchive.month.2017*` WHERE sample_repo_name = repo.name AND type='WatchEvent') stars_2017
    , (SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT actor.id) FROM `githubarchive.month.2017*` WHERE sample_repo_name = repo.name) actors_2017
    , (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM `githubarchive.month.2017*` WHERE sample_repo_name = repo.name) activity_2017
  FROM comma_lines_per_files
  GROUP BY sample_repo_name
)
SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT sample_repo_name) repos
  , IF(has_trailing, IF(has_leading, 'both', 'trailing'), IF(has_leading, 'leading', 'none')) commas 
  , ROUND(AVG(stars), 2) avg_stars
  , ROUND(AVG(stars_2016), 2) stars_2016
  , ROUND(AVG(stars_2017), 2) stars_2017
  , ROUND(AVG(actors_2017), 2) actors_2017
  , ROUND(AVG(activity_2017), 2) activity_2017
  , STRING_AGG(sample_repo_name ORDER BY stars DESC LIMIT 3) top_repos
FROM stats_per_repo
GROUP BY commas
ORDER BY repos
repos commas stars stars17 actors17 activity17 top_repos 571 leading 22.99 7.36 10.04 39.89 drone/drone,aspnetboilerplate/aspnetboilerplate,HazyResearch/deepdiv2847 both true 29.37 6.44 11.73 156.63 apache/spark,begriffs/postgrest,mybatis/mybatis-3  
5933 none false 20.05 4.8 7.57 54.43 ajaxorg/ace,zulip/zulip,fivethirtyeight/data  
69665 trailing false 13.06 3.22 5.49 43.68 Microsoft/vscode,rails/rails,kubernetes/kubernetes

Squaring Venture Capital Valuations with Reality | Gornall, Strebulaev

Will Gornall, Ilya A. Strebulaev. Squaring Venture Capital Valuations with Reality (2017-07-11; 2017-04-22 → 2017-07-16). Stanford University Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 17-29. ssrn:2955455; Abstract ssrn:2968003. 54 pages.

tl;dr → <quote>recently issued shares almost always have better cash flow rights than the previously issued shares</quote> as anyone in the business for more than one series-cycle will be able to tell you.. The valuations claimed out to the Muggles are inflated, by (average) 49%-59% and upwards unto 100% and beyond.

Abstract

We develop a financial model to estimate the fair value of venture capital-backed companies and of each type of security these companies issue. Our model uses the most recent financing round price and the terms of that financing to infer the value of each of their shares. Using data from legal filings, we show that the average highly-valued venture capital-backed company reports a valuation 49% above its fair value, with common shares overvalued by 59%. In our sample of unicorns – companies with reported valuation above $1 billion – almost one half (53 out of 116) lose their unicorn status when their valuation is recalculated and 11 companies are overvalued by more than 100%. Overvaluation arises because the reported valuations assume all of a company’s shares have the same price as the most recently issued shares. In practice, these most recently issued shares almost always have better cash flow rights than the previously issued shares, so equating their prices significantly inflates valuations. Specifically, we find 53% of unicorns have given their most recent investors either a return guarantees in IPO (14%), the ability to block IPOs that do not return most of their investment (20%), seniority over all other investors (31%), or other important terms.

Citation

Gornall, Will and Strebulaev, Ilya A., Squaring Venture Capital Valuations with Reality (July 11, 2017). Stanford University Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 17-29. Available at SSRN: ssrn:2955455.

How “Demo-or-Die” Helped My Career | Danah Boyd

Danah Boyd “danah boyd”; How “Demo-or-Die” Helped My Career; In Her Blog hosted on Medium; 2017-08-01

tl;dr → Dr. Boyd doesdid like busking; it is unbecoming. She has better patrons now. She is first smong equal of the peers she cites. But she learned something by that experience.

Book

Molly Steenson; Architectural Intelligence: How Designers and Architects Created the Digital Landscap, MIT Press; 2017-10-27; 320 pages; Amazon:0262037068: Kindle: no, paper: $35+SHT.

Concept

<quote> Everything about what I do as a researcher is rooted in the goal of using empirical work to help challenge people’s assumptions and generate new frames that people can work with. <snip/>And that requires being able to explain your thinking to anyone at any moment. And that’s the skill that I learned from the “demo-or-die” culture.</quote>

Mentions

Epithets

  • “handwaving,” attributed to Stewart Brand.
  • “deploy-or-die,” attributed to Joi Ito.
  • “publish-or-perish,” in academia, attributed to Nicholas Negroponte as “dismissal.”

Who

  • Stewart Brand
  • Judith Donath
  • Joi Ito
  • Nicholas Negroponte

Referenced

  • Stewart Brand; The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at M.I.T.; Penguin Books; 1989-09-03; some pages; Amazon:B017YC9V3I: kindle: no, paper: $11+SHT.
  • Molly Steenson; Architectural Intelligence: How Designers and Architects Created the Digital Landscap, MIT Press; 2017-10-27; 320 pages; Amazon:0262037068: Kindle: no, paper: $35+SHT.
  • Joi Ito opines “Deploy-Or-Die”; Some Cub Reporter; In O’Reilly Media; 2014-04.

A tinyLiDAR Sensor for Your Arduino | Alasdair Allan

Alasdair Allan; A tinyLiDAR Sensor for Your Arduino; In His Blog, entitled hackster.io, hosted on Medium; 2017-08-11.

Occasion

tinyLIDAR: The Maker Friendly Laser Sensor Arduino X; on IndieGoGo; WHEN? About NOW; Indiegogo campaign; Separately noted.

Mentions

  • ultrasonic sensors
  • LIDAR → Light Detection and Ranging
  • Controlled from Arduino by I2C

Specifications

Distance measurements from 30 mm → 2000 mm.

Pricing

1x board → $15
3x boards →$39 + $5 SHT

Delivery

2017-10(ish)

Deadline

2017-08-13

Alternates

AliExpress
A simple breakout board for VL53L0X can be picked up for $6.63 a piece, with shipping adding another $2.09 if you’re just after a single board.
AdaFruit
A breakout board for the VL53L0X, for $14.95.

Referenced

Previously

Actualities


 

University of Washington DNA Sequencing Security Study | University of Washington

Frequently-Asked Questions (FAQ)
Computer Security and Privacy in DNA Sequencing
Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Washington

tl;dr → it’s a bug report on fqzcomp, fzcomp-4.6, wrapped in some lab work, wrapped in scare piece wrapped in an academic paper. It mentions DNA, people are made of DNA, YOU are made of DNA.

  • In the future, everyone will be famous for fifteen minutes.
    • They did it for the lulz, and the whuffie.
    • They did it for the FUD.
  • They are frontrunning the presntation of the paper at the conference site in Vancouver, CA
  • But there is nothing to worry about.
    • Really.
    • No, Really.
    • And they’ve already contacted the project sponsors with their work product.
However

Today’s theoretical demonstrations are tomorrow’s practice.

Original Sources

Ney, Koscher, Organick, Creze, Kohno; Computer Security, Privacy, and DNA Sequencing: Compromising Computers with Synthesized DNA, Privacy Leaks, and More; In  Proceedings of the USENIX Security Symposium; 2017-08-16; 15 pages.

Concept

  • They created DNA with particular patterns.
  • They used buffer overflows in C & C++ programs.
  • FASTQ, a data format.
  • /dev/tcp accessed via bash

Quotes

  • <quote>Although used broadly by biology researchers, many of these programs are written by small research groups and thus have likely not been subjected to serious adversarial pressure. </quote>
  • <quote><snip/> copied fqzcomp from SourceForge and inserted a vulnerability into version 4.6 of its source code; a function that processes and compresses DNA reads individually, using a fixed-size buffer to store the compressed data.<quote>
  • <quote>Our second exploit attempt uses an obscure feature of bash, which exposes virtual /dev/tcp devices that create TCP/IP connections. We use this feature to redirect stdin and stdout of /bin/sh to a TCP/IP socket, which connects back to our server.<quote>

Moral

The “research” coders do not validate their inputs; they use whatever computer tools are handy for their purpose. Their purpose is to publish papers in their field of study. Their code works just well enough; it is MVP for an MPU. Those “researchers” who do validate their inputs, who do test their code, who do read CVE notices, who do remediate latent vulnerabilities aren’t researchers at all. They are drone coders in an on-time-under-budget, time & materials IT shop. “We” need such people and such skill is a valued trade craft by which to make an honorable living.  But such activity is Not New. It is not The Research.