How Smartphones Hijack Our Minds; Nicholas Carr; In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ); 2017-10-06 (paywalled).
Teaser: Research suggests that as the brain grows dependent on phone technology, the intellect weakens
tl;dr → <quote>[people] aren’t very good at distinguishing the knowledge we keep in our heads from the information we find on our phones or computers. </quote>
The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains, W. W. Norton, 2011-06-08, 404 pages, ASIN:0393339750: Kindle: $9, paper: $10+SHT.
Utopia Is Creepy, and Other Provocations, W. W. Norton; 2016-09-06, 384 pages, ASIN:0393254542: kindle: 10, paper: $8+SHT.
and [many] other books
…in the boosterist and anthologized thinkpiece longread blogpost genres e.g.
The Glass Cage: How Our Computers Are Changing Us, W. W. Norton, 2015-09-08, 288 pages, ASIN:0393351637: Kindle: $9, paper: $6+SHT.
IT Matter? Information Technology and the Corrosion of Competitive Advantage, Harvard Business Review Press, 2004-04, 208 pages, ASIN:1591394449, Kindle: $20, paper: $0.01+SHT.
“available cognitive capacity”
“brain drain” (a technical term, attributed to Ward et al.)
“data is memory without history”, attributed to Cynthia Ozick.
the “Google effect,” strictly, pertains to information retrieval.
…they are bad…
Maarten Bos, staff, Disney.
Kristen Duke, staff, University of California, San Diego (UCSD).
Ayelet Gneezy, staff, University of California, San Diego (UCSD).
William James, boffo, quoted circa 1892.
Expertise: psychology, philosophy.
Honorific: pioneering .
Cynthia Ozick, self.
Trade: scrivener, dissent.
Betsy Sparrow, staff, Columbia University.
Adrian Ward, professor, marketing professor, University of Texas at Austin (UTA)
Expertise: psychology, cognitive psychology
Daniel Wegner, Harvard.
Many Unlock Events Per Day; video segment; ABC News; WHEN?.
…Where more Americans get their news than from any other source [grammar police be damned!]
Some Survey, Gallup, 2015.
tl;dr → <quote>Over 50% “can’t image” life without a cellphone.</quote>
Adrian Ward, et al. A Study. That. Shows. In Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2015. pubmed:26121498
Some Authors. Another Study. That. Shows. In Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 2015.
Adrian Ward (U.T. Austin), Kristen Duke, Ayelet Gneezy (UCSD), Maarten Bos (Disney). Study. That. Shows. 2015.
Adrian Ward (UTA) et al.More Study. That. Shows. In Journal of the Association for Consumer Research. 2017-04. preprint. DOI:10.1086/691462.
Some Authors (University of Southern Maine). Another Study. That. Shows. In Social Psychology. psycnet:2014-52302-001
More Authors. Yet Another Study. That. Shows. In Applied Cognitive Psychology. 2017-04. another study. DOI:10.1002/acp.3323.
tl;dr → N=160 & WEIRD (students) at the University of Arkansas at Monticello.
Even More Authors. Even More Study. That. Shows. In Labour Economics; 2016.
More Authors. More Study. That Shows. In Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 2013. paywall. DOI:10.1177/0265407512453827.
tl;dr → N=192, WIERD (students), University of Essex in the U.K.
Betsy Sparrow (Columbia), Daniel Wegner (Harvard), et al. Authors. Yet Another Study. That. Shows. In Science (Magazine). 2011. paywall.
No. We show that another option, called “Always allow scanning”, when activated, makes a device send Wi-Fi frames which can be used to track this device, even if the Wi-Fi switch is off. This option is not clearly described in all Android versions, and sometimes even not deactivatable. Besides, the Google Maps application prompts the user to activate this option.
The increasingly widespread use of mobile phone applications (apps) as research tools and cost-effective means of vast data collection raises new methodological challenges. In recent years, it has become a common practice for scientists to design apps that run only on a single operating system, thereby excluding large numbers of users who use a different operating system. However, empirical evidence investigating any selection biases that might result thereof is scarce. Henceforth, we conducted two studies drawing from a large multi-national (Study 1; N = 1,081) and a German-speaking sample (Study 2; N = 2,438). As such Study 1 compared iOS and Android users across an array of key personality traits (i.e., well-being, self-esteem, willingness to take risks, optimism, pessimism, Dark Triad, and the Big Five). Focusing on Big Five personality traits in a broader scope, in addition to smartphone users, Study 2 also examined users of the main computer operating systems (i.e., Mac OS, Windows). In both studies, very few significant differences were found, all of which were of small or even tiny effect size mostly disappearing after sociodemographics had been controlled for. Taken together, minor differences in personality seem to exist, but they are of small to negligible effect size (ranging from OR = 0.919 to 1.344 (Study 1), ηp2 = .005 to .036 (Study 2), respectively) and may reflect differences in sociodemographic composition, rather than operating system of smartphone users.