The promise of managing identity on the blockchain | TechCrunch

The promise of managing identity on the blockchain; ; In TechCrunch; 2017-09-10.

tl;dr → Yes, no, maybe so. Equifax. ForgeRock, Okta. Ping Identity.


  • only when practiced in its purist form.


The Suitcase Words
  • Identity Management (IDM)
  • public blockchain
  • public permissionless blockchain
  • distributed ledger technology (Distributed Ledger Technology)
  • distributed nodes
  • attack surface
  • Vista Equity Partners bought Ping Idenitty for $680M in 2016.
    Vista Equity Partners, private equity firm
  • LDAP (the “old way”)


  • Jerry Cuomo, Fellow and VP of blockchain technologies, IBM.
  • Steve Wilson, staff, Constellation Research.
  • Eve Maler, staff, ForgeRock.
  • Charles Race, president of worldwide field operations, Okta.
  • Andre Durand, CEO, Ping Identity
  • Ian Glazer, an expert.


Nothing. It recirculates.


In TechCrunch

Teaching A.I. Systems to Behave Themselves | NYT

Teaching A.I. Systems to Behave Themselves; Cade Metz; In The New York Times (NYT); 2017-08-13.

tl;dr → the risks of A.I.; we’re all going to die.


  • deep neural networks
  • reinforcement learning
    like “gamification,” but for algorithms.
  • OpenAI
    • funded by Elon Musk
    • San Francisco
    • Dario Amodei, staff
  • Coast Runners
    • a video game
    • is old
    • boat-racing video game
  • DeepMind
  • Grand Theft Auto
    • a video game


  • learning algoritms are powerful
    surprising examples of achievements are cited.
  • learning algorithms are brittle and thus easily fooled
    trivial examples of mistakes aer cited.



  • Facebook
  • Google
  • Stanford University
  • University of California, Berkeley


  • San Francisco
  • London

<recall>A data scientist is a statistician who works from offices located in San Francisco, on a Macintosh computer.</quote>


  • Dario Amodei, staff, OpenAI
  • Paul Christiano, staff, OpenAI
  • Jeff Dean, staff, Google
  • Ian Goodfellow, staff, Google
  • Dylan Hadfield-Menell, University of California, Berkeley (UCB).
  • Geoffrey Irving
  • Shane Legg, staff, DeepMind, of Google
  • Elon Musk
    • chief executive, Tesla
    • many other titles, roles & accolades
    • <quote>pundit, philosopher and technologist</quote>, such an accolade occurs mid-article.
      • the man, the legend, does everything.
      • starts many, finishes little.
      • punter.


<quote>Mr. Hadfield-Menell and others at U.C. Berkeley recently published a paper</quote>, which was not cited.
Something about <quote>A machine will seek to preserve its off switch, they showed, if it is specifically designed to be uncertain about its reward function.</quote>
Apparently there was math in the output of Hadfield-Menell et al..


In The New York Times (NYT)…

In Wired

Blockstack announces $25 million fund to rebuild the internet for a blockchain world | VentureBeat

Blockstack announces $25 million fund to rebuild the internet for a blockchain world;; In VentureBeat; 2017-08-16.

tl;dr → press release announces $25 million <snide>their success is assured</snide>




  • Union Square Ventures (USV)
  • Lux Capital
  • Digital Currency Group


  • Has registered 73,000 domains in their book
  • Has not yet announced the start date of its token sale.



  • 2013 → founded (incorporated?, IP filings datestamped as?)
  • 2014 → development

The Actually Distributed Web | Doc Searls, Linux Journal

The Actually Distributed Web; Doc Searls; In His Blog, at Linux Journal; 2017-08-08.

tl;dr → ICO IPFS FTW!



Of Marshall McLuhan, contra Harold Innis.

The Tetrad of Media Effects
  • “technology” is media, indeed “everything” is media.
  • the introduction of new media causes change in the millieu.
  • the new medium, four effects as a 2×2 combinator.
  • Ground
  • Figure
  • What is enhanced?
  • What is obsoleted?
  • What is recovered (from obsolescence)
  • What is reversed (transformed), at the limit, any limit?

The last is very high concept: as in <quote ref=”there“>Acoustic radio flips into audio-visual TV.<quote>.
Pretty sure that the FCC doesn’t see it that way; nor does the NCEES; but this is media theory so it’s all compos mentis.



Analysis attributable to the author, Doc Searls.

Crypto Currencies
  • Enhance → exchange.
  • Retrieve → the bazaar.
  • Obsolesce → fiat currency.
  • Reverse → mutual unintelligibility, no exchange
    <metaphorical>isolated islands, walled gardens</metaphorical>).
Distributed Ledgers
  • Enhance → peer-to-peer.
  • Retrieve → individual agency.
  • Obsolesce → platform dominance.
  • Reverse → into one-to-one
    <refine>into peer-to-peer?</refine>.

Via Why. The Web, of HTTP, cannot (or has not) <quote>

  • HTTP is inefficient and inexpensive…with video delivery, a P2P approach could save 60% in bandwidth costs <claime/d>.
  • Humanity’s history is deleted daily…IPFS provides historic versioning (like git) and makes it simple to set up resilient networks for mirroring of data.
  • The web’s centralization limits opportunity…IPFS remains true to the original vision of the open and flat web, but delivers the technology which makes that vision a reality.
  • Our apps are addicted to the backbone…IPFS powers the creation of diversely resilient networks which enable persistent availability with or without Internet backbone connectivity.

Via How. The IPFS presents a (non-POSIX, yet POSIX-similar) hierarchical filesystem metaphor as a unifying artifice, wherein <quote>:

  • Each file and all of the blocks within it are given a unique fingerprint called a cryptographic hash.
  • IPFS removes duplications across the network and tracks version history for every file. <responsive>Uniqueness in time and space.</responsive>
  • Each network node stores only content it is interested in and some indexing information that helps figure out who is storing what. <responsive>What if no network is interested for a brief period? Who shall suffer the little files, the lost blocks, the unloved & unwanted slabs?</responsive>
  • When looking up files, you’re asking the network to find nodes storing the content behind a unique hash.
  • Every file can be found by human-readable names using a decentralized naming system called IPNS.
    <responsive>Like The DNS?</responsive>


Avatars, Talismans

<quote>feudal castles of what in Europe</quote>

Old World Order
  • AOL
  • CompuServe
  • BSD
  • Linux
  • UNIX
New World Order
  • Google Alphabet
  • Amazon
  • Facebook
  • Apple

GAFA → Google, Amazon, Facebook and Apple.
No Microsoft? FAMA? GAMF? <sic>MAGA?</sic>



  • Juan Benet
    • founder, Protocol Labs
    • inventor credit, IPFS
    •, an SMTP address.
    • @JuanBenet, a Twitter address screen name?
  • Tim Berners-Lee, a priori.
  • Brad Burnham, Union Square Ventures.
  • Brendan Eich, Brave; hagiography.
  • Marshall McLuhan, a theorist; hagiography
  • Linus Torvalds, a priori.
  • Phil Windley, chair (emcee), Sovrin Foundation.



Thematic Wikis
Jimi Wales’ Wiki


In Linux Journal




A Response to Blockchains’ Critics: Issues of Scale, Transparency and Threats to Intermediaries | Video

A Response to Blockchains’ Critics: Issues of Scale, Transparency and Threats to Intermediaries; ; In Video Ads News; 2017-08-01.
tl;dr → blockchain will work. really. Lightning Network. AdLedger Consortium.


  • Joseph Poon, Thaddeus Dryja; https is busted, The Bitcoin Lightning Network: Scalable Off-Chain Instant Payments, draft v0.5.9.2; a white paper; Lightning Network; 2016-01-14; 59 pages; separately filled.
  • private blockchains
  • something about streetlights (as a metaphor of transparency)
  • AdLedger Consortium
  • Spotify
    • is a distributor of intellectual property
    • has a recordation problem
    • has an attribution obligation towards licensors of its product.
    • has adversaries who hate them
    • acquired Mediachain Labs “recently”

The Magical Thinking

  • do away with intermediaries
  • render banks obsolete
  • capitalism
  • innovation


  • Goldman Sachs
  • Morgan Stanley
  • and others

These august houses full of white shoes and smart money are using block chains, you should too. Or at least support trading within their schemes.


  • Bitcoin
    • 0.00167 t/s (one per 10 minutes)
  • Ethereum
    • smart transactions
    • 15 t/s
  • Visa
    • 45K q/s
  • Facebook
    • 1e9 MAU
  • Google
    • 35K q/s = 30×109 transactions/day, impressions
    • 150 q/s =13&times106 transactions/day, clicks
    • 1 q/s = that one guy sitting alone, in the dark, in his basement, conversions


In rough order of appearance in the work.

IEEE Unveils ‘Generation AI: A Study Of Millennial Parents Of Generation Alpha Kids’

IEEE Unveils ‘Generation AI: A Study Of Millennial Parents Of Generation Alpha Kids’; press release; IEEE; 2017-06-29.

  • IEEE Examines How Artificial Intelligence (AI) will Impact the Lives of ‘Generation Alpha’ Children in the Future
  • Majority of Millennial parents would consider an AI tutor for their child, prefer AI — not their children — provide care in their golden years
  • From childcare to healthcare and pet adoption, Millennial parents see Artificial Intelligence technology enmeshed throughout the lives of their tech-infused offspring


  • Millennial parents
  • Generation Alpha children
    • age 0→7.
    • Born in 2010 and through 2025


Generation Alpha
  • Born in 2010 and through 2025
  • <quote>tech-infused demographic</quote>
    Therefore: they will love AI



  • Parents are Less Worried if AI is Behind the Wheel
  • AI, Not Kids, Preferred by Millennial Parents for Care During Golden Years
  • AI Pets Put Real Ones in the Doghouse, While Some Families Welcome AI Nannies
  • AI and Parenting:  Emotional and Physical Health
  • AI Helping Gen Alpha Kids Learn Faster Than Their Parents; AI Tutors Seen as Attractive
  • Pervasiveness of World-Changing Technology Means Millennial Parents will Encourage Gen Alpha Kids to Study Engineering


  • N=600
  • Demographic
    • parents
    • ages 20 – 36 years-old
    • at least one child seven years old or under
  • Duration: 2017-06-13 → 2017-06-15.


The Real Threat of Artificial Intelligence | Kai-Fu Lee (NYT)

The Real Threat of Artificial Intelligence; Kai-Fu Lee; In Sunday Review, of The New York Times (NYT); 2017-06-24.

Kai-Fu Lee is
  • chairman and chief executive of Sinovation Ventures, a venture capital firm,
  • the president of its Artificial Intelligence Institute.

tl;dr → gee whiz!  Artificial Intelligence is very powerful. We’re going to have to rethink nation-states.


  • Singularity, The Singularity
  • Artificial Intelligence: Economic Inequality; Staff; In The New York Times (NYT); 2017-06-24.
  • The revolutions
    • Industrial Revolution
    • (Personal) Computer Revolution
    • Artificial Intelligence Revolution
    • <quote> Artificial intelligence is poorly suited for jobs involving creativity, planning and “cross-domain” thinking — for example, the work of a trial lawyer. But these skills are typically required by high-paying jobs that may be hard to retrain displaced workers to do. More promising are lower-paying jobs involving the “people skills” that A.I. lacks: social workers, bartenders, concierges — professions requiring nuanced human interaction.</quote>
  • Solutionism
    • “service jobs of love.”
      • <quote>Examples include accompanying an older person to visit a doctor, mentoring at an orphanage and serving as a sponsor at Alcoholics Anonymous — or, potentially soon, Virtual Reality Anonymous (for those addicted to their parallel lives in computer-generated simulations).</quote>
      • The volunteer service jobs of today, in other words, may turn into the real jobs of the future.
    • Keynsenian demand stimulation
    • Income redistribution
  • <quote>First, most of the money being made from artificial intelligence will go to the United States and China. A. I. is an industry in which strength begets strength: The more data you have, the better your product; the better your product, the more data you can collect; the more data you can collect, the more talent you can attract; the more talent you can attract, the better your product.</quote>
  • Exemplars
    • Self-driving cars:
      Google, Tesla and Uber.
    • Internet:
      Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Amazon, Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent.
  • Something fanciful about
    • (economic) vassal states, dependent states; all because of Artificial Intelligence
    • mercantilism, dependent states; all because of Artificial Intelligence
  • <quote>China or the United States — to essentially become that country’s economic dependent, taking in welfare subsidies in exchange for letting the “parent” nation’s A.I. companies continue to profit from the dependent country’s users.</quote>

In 10 Years, Your iPhone Won’t Be a Phone Anymore | WSJ

In 10 Years, Your iPhone Won’t Be a Phone Anymore; Christopher Mims; In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ); 2017-06-25.
Teaser: Siri will be the conductor of a suite of devices, all tracking your interactions and anticipating your next moves

tl;dr → <gee-whiz!>Apple. Apple.  Apple.</gee-whiz!>


  • 2027
  • Apple
  • Siri
  • iPhone
  • foldable phones
  • body area network
  • Augmented Reality (AR)
  • iOS11
  • Tim Cook, CEO, Apple
  • Acquisitions
    • Lattice Data
    • Turi
    • Perceptio
    • Primesense
    • Metaio.
  • HoloLense, Microsoft
  • Products
    • HealthKit
    • CarPlay
    • Apple Pay
    • GymKit, with StairMaster
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Augmented Reality (AR)
  • flying car


  • Ryan Walsh
    • newbie partner Floodgate (venture capital)
    • ex-Apple, product management for media, who from 2014 to 2016.
  • Jonathan Badeen, co-founder and chief strategy officer, Tinder


  • <quote>Trying to predict where technology will be in a decade may be a fool’s errand, but how often do we get to tie up so many emerging trends in a neat package?</quote>
  • <quote>All these technologies—interfacing with our smart homes, smart cars, even smart cities—will constitute not just a new way to interact with computers but a new way of life. And of course, worrisome levels of privacy invasion.</quote>
  • <quote>By 2027, Apple and its competitors will also have cemented a world of tradeoffs: If you want your life enhanced by AI and all the rest of this tech, you’re going to have to submit to constant surveillance—by your devices or, in many cases, by the tech giants themselves. Apple’s bet is that you will trust it to do this: The company’s privacy stance is that it isn’t going to look at or share your data, and it will be encrypted so others can’t look at it, either.</quote>

The Third Wave: An Entrepreneur’s Vision of the Future | Steve Case

Steve Case; The Third Wave: An Entrepreneur’s Vision of the Future; Simon & Schuster; 2016-04-05; kindle: $13, paper: $18+SHT.

<quote ref=”amazon“>The first wave saw AOL and other companies lay the foundation for consumers to connect to the Internet. The second wave saw companies like Google and Facebook build on top of the Internet to create search and social networking capabilities, while apps like Snapchat and Instagram leverage the smartphone revolution. Now, Case argues, we’re entering the Third Wave: a period in which entrepreneurs will vastly transform major “real world” sectors like health, education, transportation, energy, and food—and in the process change the way we live our daily lives. But success in the Third Wave will require a different skill set, and Case outlines the path forward.</quote>


Sure feels like the end of the bubble.  Here is a chronicle of generalized boosterism of the scale of George Gilder’s Telecosm

Whatever happened to that?


  • The Next Wave in the Internet’s Evolution; Steve Case; In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ); 2016-04-04.
    Teaser: First came getting people online. Then the apps era took over. Now a fresh reimagining is taking off.

    • too big to fail
    • Financial Technology (FinTech)
    • The “Waves”
      • First Wave → internet portals; e.g. AOL.
      • Second Wave  → applications & services on top of the internet.
      • Third Wave → something about ubiquity
    • coopetition (a neologism of cooperation & competition)
    • EdTech
    • Affordable Care Act
    • Uberized (industries)

How Technology Will Transform Retirement | WSJ

How Technology Will Transform Retirement; Joseph F. Coughlin; In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ); 2015-11-29.
Teaser: Get ready for a new array of devices and services that will make it easier to work, stay healthy, live at home and remain connected to friends and family

Joseph F. Coughlin, Ph.D. is director of the AgeLab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

tl;dr → Gee Whiz! Getting old will not be a drag, not at all!  Because: technology, the Internet of Things (IoT).  What vapid twaddle.


  • American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
  • <quote>Recent AARP research suggests that nearly four out of 10 baby boomers are planning to work in retirement. Some over-50s report that they plan to work until they drop.</quote>
  • <quote>With smartphones and tablets, the newly retired can be productive from home, beachfront or grandchild’s playground.
    The Internet also frees retirees from having to seek out colleges to brush up on job skills. Massive open online courses, or MOOCs, let retirees learn what they need to stay competitive or enter a new field.</quote>
  • Masive Open Online Course (MOOC)
  • Uber
  • Airbnb
  • peer-to-peer economy
  • gig economy
  • Connected Living Inc. → a social network; older adults in senior housing with each other and their families.  60,000 users, 36 states, 7 years old.
  • → dating for over-50; affiliated with Match.  2M joins, trailing 12 months.
  • Google Glass
  • augmented reality
    <quote> The glasses will provide other helpful information, depending on context. If the retiree invites the friend home for dinner, the glasses can provide step-by-step instructions to prepare a meal from a new recipe.</quote>
  • Lyft
  • Uber
  • Oculus Rift
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • the proverbial “internet enabled refrigerator”
  • Washio
  • Hello Alfred
  • Robots
    • dirty
    • dangerous
    • dull
  • Paro
    <quote>Some appliances will even provide a kind of companionship for retirees who suffer from mental issues or isolation. Paro is a therapeutic robotic seal designed to help calm people with conditions like dementia. The robot has nearly 100 sensors allowing it to respond to touch with movements of its head, flippers and tail; blinking of its eyes; and sounds.</quote>
  • Amazon Echo
  • smart toothbrush
  • smart coffee maker
  • smart toilet
    <quote> A smart toilet, for one, might report to a distant call center its owner’s weight, blood-glucose level and other vitals</quote>
  • smart clothes
  • something vague about privacy concerns (all that data about your poopings and (prescription) drug requirements).


What a drag it is getting old
“Kids are different today,”
I hear ev’ry mother say
Mother needs something today to calm her down
And though she’s not really ill
There’s a little yellow pill
She goes running for the shelter of a mother’s little helper
And it helps her on her way, gets her through her busy day
“Things are different today,”
I hear ev’ry mother say
Cooking fresh food for a husband’s just a drag
So she buys an instant cake and she burns her frozen steak
And goes running for the shelter of a mother’s little helper
And two help her on her way, get her through her busy day
Doctor please, some more of these
Outside the door, she took four more
What a drag it is getting old
“Men just aren’t the same today”
I hear ev’ry mother say
They just don’t appreciate that you get tired
They’re so hard to satisfy, You can tranquilize your mind
So go running for the shelter of a mother’s little helper
And four help you through the night, help to minimize your plight
Doctor please, some more of these
Outside the door, she took four more
What a drag it is getting old
“Life’s just much too hard today,”
I hear ev’ry mother say
The pusuit of happiness just seems a bore
And if you take more of those, you will get an overdose
No more running for the shelter of a mother’s little helper
They just helped you on your way, through your busy dying day