RFC 7059 – A Comparison of IPv6-over-IPv4 Tunnel Mechanisms

RFC 7059A Comparison of IPv6-over-IPv4 Tunnel Mechanisms; S. Steffann (self), I. van Beijnum (Institute IMDEA Networks), R. van Rein (OpenFortress); IETF; 2013-11.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Terminology
3. Tunnel Mechanisms
3.1. Configured Tunnels (Manual Tunnels / 6in4)
3.2. Automatic Tunneling
3.3. IPv6 over IPv4 without Explicit Tunnels (6over4)
3.4. Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE)
3.5. Connection of IPv6 Domains via IPv4 Clouds (6to4)
3.5.1. 6to4 Provider Managed Tunnels
3.6. Anything In Anything (AYIYA)
3.7. Intra-Site Automatic Tunnel Addressing (ISATAP)
3.8. Tunneling IPv6 over UDP through NATs (Teredo)
3.9. IPv6 Rapid Deployment (6rd)
3.10. Native IPv6 behind NAT44 CPEs (6a44)
3.11. Locator/ID Separation Protocol (LISP)
3.12. Subnetwork Encapsulation and Adaptation Layer (SEAL)
3.13. Peer-to-Peer IPv6 on Any Internetwork (6bed4)
4. Related Protocols
4.1. Tunnel Setup Protocol (TSP)
4.2. SixXS Heartbeat Protocol
4.3. Tunnel Information and Control Protocol (TIC)
5. Common Aspects
5.1. Protocol 41 Encapsulation
5.2. NAT and Firewalls
5.3. MTU Considerations
5.4. IPv4 Addresses Embedded in IPv6 Addresses
6. Evaluation of Tunnel Mechanisms
6.1. Efficiency of IPv4 Address Use
6.2. Supported Network Topologies
6.3. Robustness
6.4. Gateway State
6.5. Performance
7. Security Considerations
8. Contributors
9. Acknowledgements
10. Informative References
Appendix A. Evaluation Criteria

A Lisper’s first impression of Julia | Pascal Costanza

Pascal Costanza; A Lisper’s first impression of Julia; In His Blog; 2014-07-20.

tl;dr => it [Julia] is like Lisp, but different (and not as good); Lisp had it first.

Mentioned

RFC 7059, A Comparison of IPv6-over-IPv4 Tunnel Mechanisms | Ethan Banks

Ethan Banks; RFC 7059, A Comparison of IPv6-over-IPv4 Tunnel Mechanisms; In His Blog;; 2013-11-28.

Original Sources

  • RFC 7059 A Comparison of IPv6-over-IPv4 Tunnel Mechanisms; S. Steffan, I. Van Beijnum, R. Van Rein; IETF; 2013

Mentioned

  • Configured Tunnels (Manual Tunnels / 6in4)
  • Automatic Tunneling
  • IPv6 over IPv4 without Explicit Tunnels (6over4)
  • Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE)
  • Connection of IPv6 Domains via IPv4 Clouds (6to4)
  • 6to4 Provider Managed Tunnels
  • Anything In Anything (AYIYA)
  • Intra-Site Automatic Tunnel Addressing (ISATAP)
  • Tunneling IPv6 over UDP through NATs (Teredo)
  • IPv6 Rapid Deployment (6rd)
  • Native IPv6 behind NAT44 CPEs (6a44)
  • Locator/ID Separation Protocol (LISP)
  • Subnetwork Encapsulation and Adaptation Layer (SEAL)
  • Peer-to-Peer IPv6 on Any Internetwork (6bed4)

Software in 2014 | Tim Bray

Time Bray; Software in 2014; In His Blog; 2014-01-01.